Establishment of Pharmacy Programmes in Nigeria Universities
Education & Training > University Education


GUIDELINES FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF PHARMACY PROGRAMME IN NIGERIAN INSTITUTIONS
 
1.0 PHILOSOPHY AND OBJECTIVES OF PHARMACY EDUCATION
The ultimate objective of the programme is to produce Pharmacy Practitioners with knowledge, skills and motivation to provide Pharmaceutical Services.
 
1.1 Philosophy: The Philosophy of Pharmacy Education is to produce a well educated person as well as a trained professional.
1.2 Aims and Objective: The main aims of the programme are to:
i,   Instill in the students a sense of appreciation of the pharmacy profession and to involve them in an intellectually stimulating and satisfying experience of learning and study.
ii.   Provide students with a broad and balanced foundation in all the areas of pharmaceutical knowledge.
iii.  Develop in the students, the ability to apply pharmaceutical knowledge in Health Care Delivery System.
iv.  Provide students with pharmaceutical knowledge and professional skills to identify and solve drug (both human, plant and veterinary) and drug related problems.
v.   Instill in the students, the dynamic value of the profession, which makes life-long learning a necessity.
vi.  Provide students with adequate knowledge and appropriate skill base from which they can proceed for further studies in specialized areas of Pharmacy.
 
1.3 NOMENCLATURE
The name of the Degree to be awarded under the programme shall be Bachelor of Pharmacy (B. Pharm) (Hons).
DEAN: In order to perform the statutory functions, the dean of  a faculty of Pharmacy shall be a pharmacist registered with the Pharmacists Council of  Nigeria as provided in the Decree 91 of 1992, section 3(1)(e).
 
3.0 STATUS
A new academic programme for the teaching of Pharmacy shall commence as a Faculty with a minimum of five departments within the institution.
 
4.0 DEPARTMENTAL STRUCTURE
There shall exist the following departments:
  1. Pharmaceutics
  2. Pharmaceutical Technology
  3. Pharmaceutical Microbiology
  4. Pharmaceutical  chemistry
  5. Pharmacognosy
  6. Pharmacy Administration and Management
  7. Pharmacology
  8. Clinical  Pharmacy
In choosing a minimum of five departments the following core areas shall be included;
  • Pharmaceutics/Pharmaceutical Technology
  • Pharmaceutical Chemistry
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacognosy
  • Pharmaceutical Microbiology
  • Clinical Pharmacy
Minimum number of academic staff
Based on students enrolment, the minimum academic staff ratio should be 1:6. Full time academic staff should have a second degree or advance professional qualification primarily to ensure adequate acceptance of the concept goals and objectives of the degree programme.
 
6.0 PHYSICAL AND INFRASTRUCTURAL FACILITY
In providing for the physical and infrastructural facilities in a Faculty of Pharmacy, adequate space allocation should be made for the staff. (Academic and Technical).  In particular, there should be Laboratories in all the disciplines for graduate and undergraduates courses and also for academic staff.  These laboratories should be adequately equipped with preparatory, analytical and research equipment.  (See appendices I and II for guidance).
 
7.0 LEARNING RESOURCE FACILITIES
There should be a Faculty Library, which has appropriate reference books, journals and periodicals in all areas of Pharmacy.  Access to Internet facilities is very important.
 
Curriculum
The basic concept in the programme shall be such that at the end of the training, the student must have acquired sufficient knowledge and skills in Pharmacy to enable him/her perform the professional duties of a pharmacist in any of the following areas of practice: Academic, administrative, community, hospital, industrial, research, etc.
 
9.0 OTHER RELEVANT CONDITIONS
In planning for a new Pharmacy programme, the authorities concerned should assess the challenges and roles of Pharmacists in the health care delivery within the community, the development of Pharmaceutical industries and research, and include the following courses: management studies, accounting and business administration.
 
As the training of Pharmacists can be expensive with respect to personnel and equipment, adequate and thorough planning is a prerequisite for establishing a Faculty of Pharmacy.
 
10.0 UPDATING OF PROGRAMME
Faculties of Pharmacy should continuously update their basic infrastructure and programme in order to meet the requirements of the improved pharmaceutical education, technology, research and re-accreditation.
 
APPENDIX  I
 
DEPARTMENTAL STRUCTURE AND PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS
 
1.0 The functional Space requirements for a faculty of Pharmacy will basically be outlined as follows:
1.1 Functional Departments viz:-   
i.      Pharmacy Administration and Management
ii.     Clinical Pharmacy
iii.    Pharmaceutical Chemistry
iv.    Pharmacology
v.     Pharmaceutics
vi.    Pharmacognosy
vii.   Pharmaceutical Technology
viii.   Pharmaceutical Microbiology
ix.    Physiology/Anatomy/Biochemistry
 
1.2 Functional Supports viz:-      
i.   Administration
ii.   Library
iii.  Stores
iv.  Workshops
v.   Animal House
vi.  Lecture Theatres
vii. Student/Staff Common Rooms
viii Plant rooms/cold rooms
ix.  Botanical garden
 
2.0 PHYSICAL FACILITIES
The space requirement for the Faculty should be as the follows:   
 
2.1        Spaces
Academic areas include:
(i)         Staff Accommodation and Research Spaces
(ii)         Tutorial Rooms
(iii)        Non-academic staff offices including typing, filing, storage etc.
(iv)        Chemical Stores
(v)         Laboratories - teaching
(vi)        Seminar Rooms
(vii)       Specialized Work Rooms e.g. Extraction Room, Aseptic Room and Instrument Room
(viii)      Animal house/holding rooms
(ix)      Faculty library/Reference room
(x)       Lecture Theatres
(xi)      Plant room/Col rooms
(xii)     Student/Staff common rooms
(xiii)      Workshops
(xiv)    Audio-visual room
(xv)       Dispensing practice area
(xvi)      Herbarium
(xvii)   Medicinal plant garden
 
2.2        Academic Areas  -  Minimum for 50 students
2.3        Staff Accommodation and Research Spaces Including Non-Academic Staff Offices
       Staff Rooms      -           6-8.5M2
       Research areas for two          -           20M2-25M2
 
2.4        Seminar, Tutorial/Audio Visual Rooms  - 40-50M2
2.5        Chemical Stores, Work Rooms, Workshop Graduate Laboratories and Balance Rooms.
2.6        Animal House, Plant Room/Cold Rooms, Herbarium   30M2
2.7        Laboratories – Teaching
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
 
 
 
 
v.
vi.
 
vii.
viii.
ix.
 
 
x.
xi.
xii.
xiii.
xiv
Pharmaceutical Chemistry                             
General Pharmaceutics                                             
Microbiology (25 Students)
Pharmaceutical Technology:
-      Unit Operations Laboratory
-      Liquid Processing
-      Drug Processing laboratory
-      Sterile Production Laboratory
Physical Pharmacy Laboratory
Microbiology Work up area
-      Clean, sterilisation, wash-up
Raw materials/packing store
Pharmacognosy laboratory
Pharmacology:
-      General Teaching
-      Demonstration Area
Dispensing practice laboratory
Chromatography room
Solvent purification & Recovery Room
Drug Information Centre
Pharmacy Communication Laboratory
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
180M2
210M2
165M2
30M2
90M2
110M2
30M2
168M2
 
 
60M2
60M2
60M2
 
180M2
60M2
48M2
39M2
20M2
50M2
60M2
 
2.8.       Lecture Theatres (for 150)         -           160M2
2.9        Student /Staff Common Rooms
(i)         Student common room                                      -           140M2
(ii)         Staff common room                                                       -           55M2
2.10      Post-graduate Teaching Laboratory                              -           40 - 50M2
2.11      Specialized Area
 
It would be desirable to have a sterilization room (50M2), grinding room (40M2) and locked spaces; possibly on the corridors for students laboratory wares and overalls as well as a Drug Information Centre (40M2).
 
Functional Supports
The supporting infrastructure for the faculty will be as follows:-
 
3.1        Administration                        
(i)         Dean’s Office
(ii)         Board Room
(iii)        Deputy Dean’s Office
(iv)        Administrative Officers Office
(v)         Secretary’s Office
(vi)        General Office
(vii)       Typing Pool
(viii)      Reception, etc.
(ix)        Store for Record keeping
(x)         Toilets
 
3.2        Stores                         

        i.          General Equipment Stores

  1. Chemical stores

  2. Inflammable Stores

  1. Stores Offices

 
3.3        Workshops                              
i.           General Workshop/
ii.          Wood Working Workshop
iii          Electronic Workshop
  1. Glassblowing Workshop
  2. Offices
  3. Stores.
 
3.4        Animal House to be built to include:-
i..          Experimental Laboratory
ii.          Operating Room
iii.         Colony holding Rooms viz:
  • Mice
  • Rat
  • Guinea Pig
  • Cat
  • Monkey, etc.
  1. Cages Room
  2. Clean Cages Room
  3. Food Store
  4. Store
  5. New Stock Receiving Room (Quarantine Room)   
  6. Offices
 
3.5        Plant Room to house essential facilities:
  1. Gas
  2. Vacuum
  3. Compressed Air
  4. Water Pump
  5. Electrical Switch Box
 
 
 
 
 
APPENDIX II
TEACHING AND RESEARCH EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS
The following are some basic laboratory facilities needed in the respective subject areas:
1.0       PHARMACOLOGY
1.          Thermocirculators
2.          Student Stimulators
3.          Research Stimulators
4.          Analytical Balances
5.          Avery Balances
6.          Student Kymographs
7.          Drums (Smoking)
8.          Small Animal Respirators
9.          Jacketed Baths assorted of 5ml, 10ml, 25ml, and 50ml capacity.
10.        Assorted Organ Baths
11.        Langendoffs
12.        Hamstead Operating Tables
13.        Refrigerator
14.        Brown-Schaster Myograph stand
15.        Aerator (Organ Bath)
16.        Infusion Pump
17.        Peristaltic Pump
18.        Centrifuge (Bench)
19.        Hot Plates
20.        Water Bath
21.        Deioniser
22.        Syringes of different sizes 1ml, 2ml, etc.
23.        Smoking burners
24.        Assorted sizes of white glazed paper
25.        Levers assorted
26.        Stop watch
27.        Stop Clock
28.        Light Pulleys
29.        Boss Head Support rods
30.        Clamping upright Rods
31.        Standard Boss Head
32.        Oxford Clamp
33.        Angle poise lamp
34.        PH Meters
35.        Chromatography Oven Separating Chamber
36.        Assorted sizes of white glazed paper
37.        Rotary Vacuum Evaporators with vertical inclined condenser
38.        Autoclave
39.        Each Surgical Instrument Assorted
40.        Micro Slides Cabinet
41.        Radiating Safety Equipments
42.        All glass still
43.        Manesty still
44.        Steam Sterilizer Pressure Type
45.        Freezers
46.        Physiograph with attachments
47.        Grass polygraphs with attachments accessories
48.        Recording Microdynamometer with accessories
49.        Refrigerated Centrifuge
50.        Digital Fitter Photometer MK 40
51.        Automatic Flake Ice Machine
52.        Cell Homogenizers
53.        Egg Incubator
54.        Perfusion Pump
55.        Gross Cardiotachnometer
56.        Elecromagnetic Flow Meter
57.        Potter Elvehyn Homogeniser
58.        Voltage Stabilizer
59.        High Performance Liquid Chromatograph
60.        UV Spectrophotometer
61.        Spectrofluorimeter
 
2.0       PHARMACEUTICS
1. Dispensing balances with weights
2. Analytic balances, single pans for weighing ointment
3.  5kg Top loading Balances
4.  Beam Balances with flat pans for weighing ointment
5.. Refrigerator
6.  Hot Air Ovens
7.  Glassware set
8.  Suppository Moulds
9.  PH meters and accessories
10. Potentiometers
11. Conductivity bridge
12. Planimeter
13. Refractometer
14. Colorimeter
15. Water Baths Thermostatically controlled
16. Cone and Plate Viscometer
17. Brookfield Viscometer
18. Torision Viscometer
19. Mettler balances
20. Chemical balances
21. Water Baths
22. Magnetic stirrer
23. Pyrex all glass still
24. Cenro film balance
25. Hot air ovens
26. Bench centrifuges
27. Vacuum pump
28. Shaking reaction incubators
29. Counting machine
30. Fluid energy mill (Jet mill)
31. Sets of BS 410 test sieves set of 15 with replacement
32. Sieve shaker
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